Korney Chukovsky

Korney Chukovsky

Korney Ivanovich Chukovsky (Russian: ?????? ???????? ?????????, March 31 NS 1882 - October 28, 1969) is probably the most popular poet for children in the Russian language. His poems Doctor Aybolit (???????), Giant Roach (??????????), Crocodile (????????) and Wash'em'clean (????????) have been favourites with many generations of Russophone children. He aEarly life
His real name was Nikolay Vasilyevich Korneychukov (Russian: ??????? ?????????? ???????????), which he humorously reworked into his now familiar pen-name while working as a journalist in Odessa News in 1901. He was born in St.Petersburg, an illegitimate son of Ekaterina Osipovna Korneychukova (a peasant girl from the Poltava region in Ukraine) by Emmanuil Solomonovich Levinson, from a wealthy Jewish family (grandfather of mathematician Vladimir Abramovich Rokhlin). Levinson's family did not permit their marriage, and they eventually separated. Korneychukova moved to Odessa with Nikolaj and his sibling. Levinson supported them financially for some time. Nikolay studied in Odessa gymnasium, with Vladimir Zeev Jabotinsky as a classmate. Later Nikolay was expelled from the gymnasium for his "low origin". He had to get his secondary school and university diplomas by correspondence.

He taught himself English, and, in 1903-05, he served as a correspondent of an Odessa newspaper in London, where he admittedly spent his entire time in British Library instead of the press gallery in the Parliament. Back in Russia, Chukovsky started translating from English and published several analyses of contemporary European authors, which brought him in touch with leading personalities of Russian literature and secured the friendship of Alexander Blok. His influence on Russian literary society of 1890s is immortalized by satirical verses of Sasha Cherny Korney Belinsky (allusion on the famous critic Vissarion Belinsky). Later the publications of the time was published in the books From Chekhov to Our Days (1908), Critique stories (1911), Faces and masks (1914). He also published a satirical magazine Signal (1905-1906) and was arrested for "insulting the ruling house" but was acquitted after six months.

[edit] Later life and works

Mayakovsky's cartoon of Korney ChukovskyIt was at that period that Chukovsky produced his first fantasies for children. As the 2004 Encyclopædia Britannica put it, "their clockwork rhythms and air of mischief and lightness in effect dispelled the plodding stodginess that had characterized prerevolutionary children's poetry". Subsequently, they were adapted for theatre and animated films, with Chukovsky as one of collaborators. Sergei Prokofiev and other composers even adapted some of his poems for opera and ballet. His works were popular with the emigre children as well, as Vladimir Nabokov's complimentary letter to Chukovsky attests.

Boris Pasternak (L) and Korney Chukovsky at the first Congress of the Union of Soviet Writers in 1934.During the Soviet period, Chukovsky edited the complete works of Nikolay Nekrasov and published From Two to Five (1933), a popular guidebook to the language of children. As his invaluable diaries attest, Chukovsky used his popularity to help the authors persecuted by the regime including Anna Akhmatova, Mikhail Zoshchenko, Alexander Galich and Alexander Solzhenitsyn. He was the only Soviet writer who officially congratulated Boris Pasternak on his having been awarded of the Nobel Prize. His daughter Lydia Chukovskaya is remembered as a lifelong companion and secretary of the poet Anna Akhmatova.

Starting from the 1930s, Chukovsky lived in the writers' village of Peredelkino near Moscow, where he is buried. At one point his writings for children were under severe criticism. Nadezhda Krupskaya was an initiator of this campaign, but inadequate criticism came also from children's writer Agniya Barto. For his life-time works on Nekrasov he got D.Sci in philology, Lenin Prize (1962, for his book, Mastery of Nekrasov) and an honorary doctorate of Oxford University in 1962.

[edit] External links
(Russian)Site devoted to Chukovsky
(Russian)Korney Chukovsky Live as Life
(Russian)Site devoted to Chukovsky
(Russian)Valentin Berestov 'He gave his life to art without change
(Russian)Dmitry Bykov about Chukovsky
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korney_Chukovsky"
lso was an influential literature critic and essayist.

- Russian Writers
Fyodor Dostoevsky                          Nikolai Gogol                              Anton ChekhovChinghiz Aitmatov ...

- Victor Erofeyev
Victor Erofeyev (Russian: ?????? ???????; born 1947) is a Russian author, the son of a high-ranking Soviet diplomat (who worked closely with Stalin). He spent some of his childhood in Paris, which accounts for why much of his work has been translated...

- Sasha Cherny
Sasha Cherny (Russian: ???? ??????), real name Alexander Mikhailovich Glickberg, (Russian: ????????? ?????????? ????????) (October 13, 1880 N.S.?1932) was a Russian poet, satirist and children's writer. Early years Alexander Mikhailovich Glikberg...

- Nikolai Chernyshevsky
Nikolay Gavrilovich Chernyshevsky (Russian: ???????? ??????????? ?????????????) (July 12, 1828 - October 17, 1889) was a Russian revolutionary democrat, materialist philosopher, critic, and socialist (seen by some as a utopian socialist). He was the...

- Vissarion Belinsky
Life and Ideas Although born in Sveaborg, Vissarion Belinsky was based in St. Petersburg, Russia, where he was a respected critic and editor of two major literary magazines: ????????????? ??????? (Notes of the Fatherland), and The Contemporary (also...