Daniil Andreyev

Daniil Andreyev

Daniil Andreyev was the son of Leonid Andreyev, a prominent Russian writer of the start of the century; Maxim Gorky was his godfather. After the infant's mother, Alexandra (Veligorsky) Andreeva, died during childbirth, Leonid Andreev gave the infant Daniil to his late wife's sister, Elizabeth Dobrov, to raise. This act had two important consequences: it meant that when Leonid Andreev, like many other writers and intellectuals, left Russia after the 1917 Russian Revolution, his young son remained behind; it also meant that Daniil was raised in a household that remained deeply religious, in contrast to much of the Russian intelligentsia of the era.

Like many of his contemporaries, the boy Daniil had a pronounced literary bent; he began writing poetry and prose in early childhood. He graduated from high school but was not allowed to attend university, because of his "non-proletarian" background. He supported himself as a graphic artist and wrote in his spare time.

Daniil Andreev was enrolled into the Soviet Army in 1942. He served as a noncombatant, and during the Siege of Leningrad helped to transport supplies across Lake Ladoga. After World War II Andreev returned to civilian life, but was arrested by Soviet authorities in April 1947 and sentenced to 25 years of imprisonment, being accused of anti-Soviet propaganda and preparations to assassinate Stalin. He suffered a heart attack in prison in 1954, the first manifestation of the heart condition that would eventually cause his death. He was released in 1957, already terminally ill.

While in prison in Vladimir from 1947 to 1957, Andreev had mystic visions and started writing Roza Mira, finishing it after he was released. The book was known in the Soviet Union via Samizdat, but was first officially published only in 1991. In 1997, Roza Mira was published in English in the USA.

Literary Works
Almost all works that Andreev wrote before 1947, were destroyed by MGB as "anti-Soviet literature", including his novel Wanderers of Night (Russian: ????????? ????) about the spiritual opposition to the Soviet regime and atheism. Being imprisoned, however, Andreev managed to restore some of his poems. He also tried to restore Wanderers of Night, but he could only restore a few pages of it. Also some works of his childhood were kept by his friend, including his first poems written at the age of 8.

His main book, Roza Mira (Russian: ???? ????, literally "The Rose of the World") contains a detailed description of numerous layers of spiritual reality that surround Earth, of the forthcoming religion called Roza Mira that will emerge and unite all people and states, and of the events of the future advent of Antichrist and his fall.

Apart from Roza Mira, he wrote a poem The Iron Mystery (Russian: ???????? ????????, published in 1990), a "poetic ensemble" (that is how he called it) Russian gods (Russian: ??????? ????, full text published in 1995) and other works.

- Victor Erofeyev
Victor Erofeyev (Russian: ?????? ???????; born 1947) is a Russian author, the son of a high-ranking Soviet diplomat (who worked closely with Stalin). He spent some of his childhood in Paris, which accounts for why much of his work has been translated...

- Sergei Dovlatov
Sergei Donatovich Dovlatov (Mechik) (Russian: ?????? ????????? ???????? (?????) September 3, 1941-August 24, 1990) was a Russian short-story writer and novelist. Dovlatov was born on September 3, 1941 in Ufa, Republic of Bashkiria, where his family had...

- Lydia Chukovskaya
Lydia Korneievna Chukovskaya (Russian: ????? ????????? ?????????) (24 March [O.S. 11 March] 1907 ? February 8, 1996) was a Russian writer and poet. Her deeply personal writings reflect the human cost of Soviet totalitarianism, and she devoted much of...

- Viktor Astafiyev
Viktor Petrovich Astafiyev also spelled Astafiev or Astaf'ev (Russian: ?????? ???????? ????????) (May 1, 1924 - November 29, 2001), was a Russian writer of short stories and novels. Viktor Astafiyev was born in a village of Ovsyanka near Krasnoyarsk...

- Bella Akhmadulina
Bella (Izabella) Akhatovna Akhmadulina (Russian: ????? ???????? ??????????) is a Russian poet who has been cited by Joseph Brodsky as the best living poet in the Russian language. Bella was born on the 10 April 1937 in Moscow. Akhmadulina was the only...